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1950 Panhard Autocorse Gilco 750 Sport Spider

Chassis no. 306529
Engine no. 385861746
Coachbuilder Carrozzeria Colli
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Born Dyna saloon, became Disco Volante, then spider. From idea of Gastone Crepaldi and hands of Tino Bianchi. Shown at the Salone di Torino. Ran 5 Mille Miglia.

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The Panhard Dyna X is a subcompact class car produced from 1948 to 1953 by the French car manufacturer Panhard. The Dyna X is the first mass-produced car with an all-aluminum body. In 1943, engineer Jean-Albert Grégoire presented a car that incorporates the technical principles of the Amilcar Compound (chassis and suspension), designed on the initiative of the Aluminium Français to promote the use of aluminum in automotive construction. No manufacturer seems interested. However, within the "Plan Pons", Panhard signs an agreement with Grégoire to resume the development of the AFG prototype (Aluminium Français - Grégoire) by supplying the mechanics. The car, which is called Dyna, was born, it has an aluminum body, steel frame, air-cooled aluminum 610 cc twin-cylinder engine, four-speed gearbox, four-wheel independent suspension with coil springs at the front and torsion bars at the rear axle and, above all, front wheel drive. The Dyna was presented at the 1946 Salon de Paris. Production began in October 1947 and the bodies were subcontracted by the Facel-Métallon company (future manufacturer of the luxurious and powerful Facel Véga). Starting from 1948, the small car is sold as Dyna X type 100 (X84), referring to the maximum speed of 100 km/h, with very few differences compared to the 1946 prototype. The 1950 models are distinguished above all by a new grill with central circular motif. Type 110 (X85) replaces type 100. The 3 hp engine rises from 22 hp to 28 hp SAE. In April, a 745 cc 4 hp engine with a power of 32/34 hp is mounted on the type 120 (X86). In February 1952, the new optional 4 hp Sprint engine offers 36/37 hp thanks to a new camshaft and a double barrel carburettor. In April the derivative roadster Dyna X Junior is launched. In June, the Dyna X type 130 (X87) was equipped with a 5 hp 851 cc engine. In December, types 110 and 120 are eliminated. For the 1953 models, the type 130 reaches 130 km/h with the option of the Sprint 5 hp 40 hp engine. The Dyna X was a fairly generous car for the market segment it was going to occupy: its 3.82 m in length brought it closer to higher-class cars, but its small engine put it in competition with cars such as the Renault 4CV, one of its most direct rivals. It was available both as a sedan, as a convertible and also as a station wagon; the van version (Dyna K) also arrived. The line was decidedly nonconformist, very rounded, with protruding front headlights. The public, initially perplexed because of the unusual shapes of the car, then ended up appreciating it, by virtue of its handling and economy. The performance was also more than good for the time. The Dyna X was built on a tubular chassis and the aluminum alloy body made it lighter and therefore more lively in road behavior. There were many sporting interpretations and the coachbuilders created aerodynamic sports cars, both closed and open. In 1953, the Dyna X was discontinued and replaced by the Dyna Z.

Usually, the name Crepaldi is closely linked to Ferrari’s world, as it was one of the first and most important Ferrari’s dealer. Crepaldi, anyway, was also the importer of the French Panhard in Italy. That’s why, with an eye to the promotion and a passion for the races, Gastone Crepaldi decided to make racing cars with Panhard mechanics. And that’s also why he created the Italfrance team around these cars. The team leader Aldo (Tino) Bianchi was, at the same time, the man that assembled the Sport Panhards. The heart was the Dyna X86 engine, an air cooled boxer unit, two cylinder and 745cc. The first cars were all bodied by Allemano. With their front wheel drive, these little Sports changed the balances and some rules in early ‘50s. Moreover, the cars were continuously updated: Gilco was called to build a tubular “cage” chassis, using Fiat suspensions, and for 1953 a couple of them received, by the coachbuilder Colli, a “disco volante” shape similar to the shocking “disco volante” Alfa Romeo of the previous year, designed by Touring but built by Colli itself. Only two “disco” have been built and both have been raced. The effort wasn’t enough to achieve great results, so different strategies were tried. Bianchi worked again on the engine that gained a twin spark ignition and prepared, with his Autocorse, a lighter-again spider body for Giancarlo Rigamonti’s Panhard that brought to some success in 1955 and 1956.

Panhard Autocorse 750 Sport Spider, chassis 306529, has a long and complex history in its early years. So that, we have to follow step by step the official documentation on the years from 1950 to 1955, comparing frame numbers, license plates, entry numbers and appearance on the photos. According to the chronological excerpt of the vehicle register, the chassis 306529, with CO29213 assigned plate, began his route in 1950 as a Dyna 110 (X85 engine). It is believed that the car is exposed in May 1950 at the Salone Internazionale dell'Automobile di Torino, in the stand Panhard Levassor (importer Marco Boroli), alongside the Dyna by Carrozzeria Sirio, Novara. The entry form for the Mille Miglia, in 1951, states the frame 306529 - CO29213 plate assigned to the entry number 2209. The photos taken during the race show a “standard” Dyna sedan with the CO29213 plate and n°2209. The car ran with Tino Bianchi himself at the wheel. The car then raced the 1952 Mille Miglia with Gastone Crepaldi and Bianchi at the wheel, entry number 2248. The entry form for the Mille Miglia in 1953 states the same frame 306529 with CO29213 plate, assigned to the number 2242. The photos, taken during the race, show that the car with CO29213 plate and entry number 2242 is a Sport with a “disco volante” shape. As previously told, only two “disco” have been made by Colli, on behalf of Tino Bianchi for Gastone Crepaldi’s Italfrance, with Gilco chassis and X86 750cc engine. In that 1953 Mille Miglia the now-owner, the famed Carlo Castelbarco, was the driver too. In May 1953, right after the Mille Miglia, chassis 306529 received a new license plate: MI213891. In 1954 Mille Miglia (with Castelbarco as owner), chassis 306529 - plate MI213891 with 2346 entry number was raced by Giancarlo Rigamonti. We have, on the pictures, the same “disco volante” shape of the previous year. Rigamonti, then, followed the story of 306529, driving the car for the following years, while the ownership became of Mrs. Gemma Bigatti who also enrolled the car at the races Rigamonti used to attend. 306529 always remained under the aegis of Tino Bianchi, anyway. In 1954, Bianchi’s Autocorse built a lighter and more agile spider, again by Colli (while one of the “disco volante”, by coincidence and confirmation, disappears). We have this spider photographed during the 1955 Mille Miglia, showing the 029 entry number and “that” MI213891 plate. The entry form for 1955 Mille Miglia of 029 number - MI213891 plate corresponded to the chassis 306529. As a spider, 306529, achieved its best results: it was 1st in class at the Circuito del Mugello in 1955 and qualified in lots of other races till 1956. 306529 is always on the road, nowadays, at the main events.